To begin in the process of creating my sketch-up work, I made a 2”x2” box for the size parameters of my object. Those parameters were the class’s printing restrictions due to time restraints and the maker-bot itself. Next, I decided I would create a cross. It would have to be created on its side so that it could be printer. I began with the legs and arms of the cross, soon to be followed two concentric circles to add to the Celtic cross idea. As a finishing touch, I added a geometric/floral design on the intersection of cross’s legs and inside the innermost concentric circle. I raised it so that it would be easily seen when printed. Once I was done, I deleted the 2”x2” box and made my creation a “component” of the sketch-up document. I was not quite ready to print yet, however. I had to download a plug-in for sketch-up that allowed me to convert the sketch-up file into a “stl” file. Next, I sent the file to Mr. Lewkotwitz. Miraculously, the next day I found it completed. It ended up well – the cross and decoration turned out great.

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Using the Makerbot, I am planning on creating a Celtic cross. It starts with a basic cross, but then I am going to add the typical two concentric circles that many Celtic crosses have. Then I am going to attempt to add more intricate decorations on the cross to add to the appearance.  It is difficult to make those decorations, but I hope that they will turn out well. If I had a Makerbot, I would spontaneously make whatever I desired. For example, I would make anything from jewelry to miniature models and everything in between. However, I am going to wait for the next Makerbot price drop before any serious purchases are made. I am thankful that Brophy provides us with these innovative machines because they show us different and somewhat far out mediums of art. The concept of printing in the third dimension is very intriguing. I hope my cross turns out well! 

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Medici Art


The piece of artwork I chose is the Pieta by Michelangelo. It is a sculpture depicting Mother Mary cradling her recently crucified son, Jesus. The Pieta is not one of a kind; rather, they are a certain kind of image that depicts the same scene of Mary cradling Jesus. They are especially common in the Eastern Orthodox Church. What sets this sculpture apart, however, is that this is the only work that Michelangelo signed. He was forced to do this after other artists were taking credit for this masterpiece. Currently, it is located in St. Peter’s in the Vatican. Interestingly, a mentally-insane Austrian man took to the sculpture with a hammer, screaming that he was Jesus Christ almost thirty years ago. He took of Mary’s nose which has since been replaced. These, along with David, are considered Michelangelo’s sculpting masterpieces. However, under my opinion, the Pieta is the better sculpture of the two.

I chose this sculpture because I think it shows the hyper-realistic perfection that Michelangelo was able to reach through marble. The expression that is shown through stone is unbelievable; it feels as though Mary’s melancholy look radiates around the whole sculpture, even affecting the audience. I think it is significant because it shows how Renaissance created immaculate artwork for the greater glory of God (ad majorem Dei gloriam.) It must have been a very proud moment for the Medicis to see where there once student had gone to create. The sculpture is so simple, yet so intricate and sentient. The beautiful draping of Mary’s clothing adds to the hyper-realism of the sculpture, but adds an airy and 3-D aspect to the work. I think that the Pieta was significant to the Renaissance because there was an arms race in terms of artwork throughout Italian city-states and it must have been a big deal for Michelangelo’s sculpture to be so prominently displayed in St. Peter’s. 

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color triad: Three colors spaced equally apart on the color wheel that form an equilateral triangle

chiaroscuro:An effect of contrasted light and shadow created by light falling unevenly on a form or object

primary colors: Any of a group of colors from which all other colors can be obtained by mixing (red, yellow, and blue)

secondary colors: A color resulting from the mixing of two primary colors.

tertiary colors: A tertiary color is a color made by mixing one primary color with one secondary color

hue: A color or shade

intermediates: A color made by the result of mixing primary and secondary colors

monochromatic:one color

value: The relative degree of lightness or darkness of a particular color

intensity: brightness or dullness

complimentary: Colors directly opposite each other in the color spectrum

colors: One, or any mixture, of the constituents into which light can be separated in a spectrum or rainbow, sometimes including (loosely) black and white

warm colors: The family of colors that includes reds, yellows, and oranges. Warm colors bring to mind warm things, places, and feelings

cool colors: The family of colors that includes greens, blues, and violets. Cool colors bring to mind cool things, places, and feelings.

The Starry Night
van Gogh

Starry Night, as completed by Van Gogh in 1889 displays numbers examples of the definitions I previously listed. At first glance, one notices the cool colored sky that provides a background for the painting. The moon is painted in an intense yellow, which is complimentary to blue. Most of the background in this painting is of primary colors; predominantly yellow and blue are used. Van Gogh uses dark hues of colors in order to show the shadowy night of the castle. Not many warm colors are used in this painting, with the exception of the stars and the moon. The fact that the whole painting is cool save those features really makes the warmth of the stars and moon pop. For a lot of the painting, Van Gogh used blue in an almost monochromatic fashion; it covers the sky, the town , and even the adjacent rolling hills. As this is one of my favorite paintings, it is interesting to see the details about the color use that I would never have otherwise known.

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2PT Perspective Resource Post

 This image is a two point perspective pencil drawing of a street corner. It is not a famous painting that is in a museum, but nevertheless, it is an excellent example of two point perspective. There are two streets and the shops on the sides of the respective sidewalks. I chose this picture because it is an obvious example of two point perspective that I would not have otherwise noticed.  I have seen many cityscapes similar to this one and seen in everyday life scenes similar to this in Phoenix. Secondly, I chose this drawing because it looks like it was done by an art student, similar to me and my classmates. It serves as an laudable example of what to aim to draw when I attempt to create my own two point perspective in the class. In order to draw a two point perspective drawing, first one needs to select a horizon line, or a horizontal line that goes across the entire sketch. Second, because this is a two point perspective, put two individual points on the line. Last, when it comes time to draw, all lines on one side will go to its adjacent point, and all the lines on the other will go to their adjacent point.

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1Pt Perspective Resource Post

One point perspective drawing is when a painting gives a realistic first-person viewpoint of a subject matter. A major aspect of these types is paintings are vanishing points. A vanishing point is a point that lies on the horizon, where the focus of the painting lies, and where all major lines move toward or from. In a one point perspective drawing, all horizontal lines are parallel to the horizon, all vertical lines are perpendicular, and all diagonals intersect. To display vanishing point, I chose a famous painting: the Last Supper by Leonardo da Vinci. I am fascinated by all of the hidden factors of this painting. For example, it isn’t hidden, but I find it really interesting that the face of Jesus is the vanishing point, the focal point of the painting. Also, the possibility of da Vinci encoding musical notes in to the painting is intriguing. Last, I chose this painting because I think it’s really interesting how all the twelve apostles are portrayed reacting to Jesus’ prediction, some more surprised than others.








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Still Life Reflection

1. I think that the hardest part of drawing my still life was working out the spatial relations with the elevated platform and the rest of the items. The bowls and vases were on a lower level, but showing the elevated nature of the antique coffee grinder and chandelier-like thing posed an issue. Also, capturing the folds of the sheet was difficult to represent

2. I drew the coffee grinder and the chandelier the best. Initially, I thought that they were going to be the most difficult to draw, but after I put time and patience in to them I believe they turned out great!

3.   I don’t think that my still life turned out as well as the rest of my drawings did. It also was the most difficult and complicated subject matter, so that may explain why the still life was not too successful. This is not to say that there were not successful elements to the drawing, but the sheets and cube really moved me to not feel too successful about it.

4. I could improve the sheets and cube in my drawing. I knew that the sheets were going to be hard to draw, but I did not expect the more intricate details like keeping the lines sharp and defined and representing the curvedness of the lines was difficult. Lastly, trying to prevent any smudges next time would make a better still life.

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Landscape Resource Post

Google Art Project: Landscape with a Goatherd and Goats by Claude

Landscape with a Goatherd and Goats by Claude (1636-7.) National Gallery.

I chose Landscape with a Goatherd and Goats by Claude because I really like the way the artist used light in this painting. The horizon shows that the sun is either rising or setting, but nevertheless a beautiful orange-yellow is used to show the transition. The goatherd lies under the shadow of presumably a large tree, which is something I can relate to as I have had the pleasure of lying under a countryside tree as the sun sets. I like the detail used in the painting as well. At first glance, I did not notice the stream in the background, the vines climbing the tree, the detail of the clouds, or the muddy beach towards the side of the painting, but all of these details became apparent after further examination. Although Claude was a European artist, this landscape reminds me of past summers spent in rural North Carolina; between the pond, overgrown flora, peacefulness, and the sunlight I can see a similarity. Finally, how I chose this painting because I like how Claude painted the leaves. He did not paint every single leaf, but the way he utilized color made gave the appearance.






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Art Article

“Anti-Snowbowl graffiti grows”- Hillary Davis. Published September 7, 2011 at 5:00am                                                                                                                                                                                                                 In response to a new Snowbowl ski area water pipeline, new works of graffiti art in opposition have been painted around Flagstaff. The pipeline would pump treated wastewater up the mountain in order for fake snow to be made. The owners of Snowbowl argue that it is crucial to remain financially sound. However, works of graffiti saying “no poop water,” “smash Snowbowl,” or “protect the peaks,” have a different way of viewing the arrangement. The artists have been very outspoken against what they see as this injustice. Rudy Preston, creator of, says none of this graffiti “surprises” him, as it is merited by such an awful thing

I selected this article for a couple of reasons. First of all, I ski often at Snowbowl and am invested in there not being any issues this or next season regarding the snow. There is going to be less than average snow in Arizona this year so the mountain would need the fake snow to compensate. But more importantly, graffiti is my favorite type of visual art. It seems a lot more real and expressive than a Picasso or Gauguin would be. Ever since Exit through the Gift Shop, I have been very interested in graffiti, especially when the piece has a politically or morally charged impetus like these in Flagstaff.






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Still Life Resource 

1. The title of this piece of art is Still Life with Three Puppies and was made by French post-impressionist Paul Gauguin in 1888.

2. This piece of artwork is a still life because Gauguin painted an arrangement of everyday things like the apples, pears, chalices, and bowl. Interestingly, however, he chose to include three puppies gathered around a water bowl, which is typically not included in still life.

3. I chose this artwork for a number of reasons. First, I thought it was very interesting that Gauguin chose to include living things (dogs) in his still life. It is an amusing break from all the other typical still lives. Second, Gauguin also broke from the typical hyper-realistic painting style that often accompanies still life paintings. The playful blue brushstrokes and smudges add an almost whimsical aspect to the dogs and background of the painting. To me, it contrasts from the seriousness of most still lives, making this particular one very enjoyable and simply beautiful. Lastly, I chose this painting because it is located in my favorite art museum which coincidentally I recently visited, the Museum of Modern Art in New York.

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